Introduction to Historical Studies of Science and Technology in the West

近现代西方科技史导读

 

王作跃 Zuoyue Wang

中国科学院自然科学史研究所

zywang@csupomona.edu

 

201091日、4日、6日、8日、11日,上午9-12

教室:中关村东路55号自然科学史研究所401会议室

电子邮件:zywang@csupomona

课程网站:www.csupomona.edu/~zywang/ihns2010course.html

 

课程简介:本课程共有5次课,主要介绍近年来国际上关于西方近现代科技史研究的最新进展,尤其侧重于美国近现代科技史研究。目的是使大家熟悉西方近现代科技史的一些最新创新文献、主要编史学趋势和争论、以及与科技史相关的资源,并增进英文理解、写作和口头表达能力。

 

课程设计:每次课前,由学生选择一篇下堂课要讨论的文章进行大概的阅读,并填一个一页的阅读反馈表带到课堂。在课上,先由教师对主要议题作一介绍,然后由学生对预先分配阅读的文章进行介绍、评述,并由全班参与讨论。学生根据自己的研究兴趣选择一个题目,先交一份选题设想(标题和一段话),然后写一篇关于此题目的两页的研究或编史学论文。学生成绩取决于出勤程度、总结报告质量、参与讨论的数量和质量、和编史学论文的质量。报告和论文中英文俱可,但鼓励英文写作。欢迎旁听。

 

 

课程主题、阅读要求和作业(可能回头有改动):

 

91日,星期三:引论、科技史资源介绍

 

西方科技史杂志

Annals of Science

British Journal for the History of Science (British Society for the History of Science)

Bulletin of the History of Medicine

Centaurus (European Society for the History of Science)

Environmental History

Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences

History and Technology

History of Science

Isis (The History of Science Society)

Minerva

Physics in Perspective

Physics Today

Social Studies of Science

Science in Context

Technology and Culture (Society for the History of Technology)

 

西方科技史研究资源

 

 Primary Sources in History of Science and Technology:

AIP History of Physics Center, especially its hundreds of oral history interviews with physicists

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, including its web edition (covering 1999-present) and web archives hosted at Google (covering 1945-1998)

Caltech Archives, especially oral history interviews with Caltech faculty members

Einstein Papers Project

IEEE History Center, especially its oral history interviews related to computer history

NASA History: News and Notes

National Air and Space Museum Oral History Projects

Niels Bohr Archives

Science magazine (1880-2003) for history of science and technology

 

Primary Sources in US History:

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States at UCSB—the best place to get presidential speeches, press conferences, and policy statements from George Washington to Barack Obama.

Library of Congress, especially its American Memory project, you can start with the overall list of collections and then go into any particular full text collections, e.g., the Alexander Graham Bell Family Papers, the Hannah Arendt Papers, and the Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers.

National Security Archives

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library

Truman Library

Eisenhower Library

Kennedy Library--See especially National Security Action Memos and the Cuban Missile Crisis

Johnson Library--See especially Oral History Interviews with James Webb (Space) and Stewart Udall (Environment)

Ford Library

Carter Library

National Archives

US State Department, especially its Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) with full text covering presidencies of Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon and Ford, and its huge, searchable Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Reading Room database.  An even better site for FRUS is the FRUS Project at the Univ. of Wisconsin, which covers the FRUS volumes from 1860 to 1960.

FBI Freedom of Information Act Reading Room, e.g., full-text of its files on Albert Einstein.

General Accounting Office has apparently put all of its reports and publications online in PDF format.

California Digital Library and Melvyl

Online Archives of California

Time Magazine with access to full text from1923 to the present.

Women in Journalism fulltext oral history interviews (e.g. Connie Chung, Ellen Goodman, Charlayne Hunter-Gault, Catherine Shen, Barbara Tanabe).

Harvard Crimson (1873-present; do a search, e.g., on George Kistiakowsky, the chemist who perfected the trigger for the Nagasaki bomb)

 

94日,星期六:近现代西方科学史新视角:“作为通讯的科学”

James Secord, “Knowledge in Transit,” Isis 95, no. 4 (December 2004): 654-672.(参考杨海燕,“达尔文年的‘非达尔文’学者:西科德教授访谈录”,《科学文化评论》,2007年第七卷第三期。)

学生交:阅读反馈表论文选题设想

 

96日,星期一:跨国科技史

Erik van der Vleuten, “Toward a Transnational History of Technology: Meanings, Promises, Pitfalls,” Technology and Culture 49, no. 4 (October 2009).

Zuoyue Wang, “Transnational Science during the Cold War: The Case of Chinese/American Scientists,” Isis 101, no. 2 (June 2010): 367-377. PDF

Gabrielle M. Spiegel, “The Task of the Historian,” American Historical Review 114, no. 1 (February 2009): 1-15. PDF

学生交:阅读反馈表

 

98日,星期三:新的福尔曼命题:科学、技术、现代与后现代

Paul Forman, The Primacy of Science in Modernity, of Technology in Postmodernity, and of Ideology in the History of Technology,” History and Technology 23, no. 1 -2 (March-June 2007): 1 - 152.

Paul Forman, “(Re)cognizing Postmodernity: Helps for Historians – of Science Especially,” Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 33, no. 2 (June 2010): 157–175.

学生交:阅读反馈表

 

911日, 星期六:学生报告和总结讨论

学生交论文初稿;论文终稿通过电子邮件在北京时间918日(星期六)23时前提交。