History 408  History of American Science and Technology

Reading Worksheet

 

What Is Technology

Smith Chapter 1

Date:                                                    Name:

1. What¡¯s new and striking to you in this chapter?

 

 

 

2. On Leo Marx¡¯s essay: How did ¡°technology¡± differ from ¡°mechanical arts¡±?

 

 

 

3. What is ¡°technological determinism¡±?  What is a technological system?

  

 

 

4. On Winner¡¯s Essay: What did Mumford mean by ¡°authoritarian¡± and ¡°democratic¡± technologies?  Can you think of examples of those two kinds of technologies today?

 

 

 

 

5. On MacKenzie¡¯s essay: Do ¡°better¡± technologies always win?  Can you think of a ¡°better¡± technology that lost to its competitor?

  

 

 

6. On Lerman¡¯s essay: Why does she prefer ¡°technological knowledge¡± to technology?

 

 

 

7. On Pursell¡¯s essay: Can you think of examples or ways that we associate technology with manhood?

 

 

 

8. On Latour¡¯s essay: Why does he advocate the use of terms like ¡°hybrids¡± and ¡°networks¡± in describing technology?

 

 

 

9. Do you find the readings helpful? Questions and comments?