APPENDIX A

THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT

This amendment was proposed January 31, 1865, and proclaimed December 18, 1865.

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. [The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 had declared slaves free in the Confederate States still in rebellion.]


THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT

This amendment was proposed June 13, 1866, and proclaimed July 28, 1868.

Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without dues process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. . . .

Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.


THE FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT

This amendment was proposed February 26, 1869, and proclaimed March 30, 1870.

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.