CHARITY:

                         "INTO THE STREETS AND LANES"



    The increasingly industrialized, urbanized America of the late 19th century 

elicited a growing feeling of compassion and responsibility among an 

influential segment of the nation's religious community.  While this increased 

sense of religious duty arose as well within Jewish and Catholic circles, the 

primary reform movement that emanated from it occurred in mainstream Protestant 

denominations - Baptists, Methodists, Congregationalists - and among Unitarians 

and Episcopalians.  An awakening belief that religion involved a social 

consciousness requiring positive acts of charity to relieve the condition of 

society's indigents characterized the 1870s and 1880s.  By the 'nineties 

middle-class Christians and Jews recognized that church and synagogue had a 

mission to not only relieve individual suffering, which was an already accepted 

role, but in addition were obligated to use their influence to change the 

social order through pressure upon government and business.  Walter 

Rauschenbusch would call it "Christianizing the social order."

    Despite its great distance from the industrial heartland of America, Los 

Angeles quickly felt the impact of this new movement.  The great surge in 

population during the 1880s presented the city with a problem not particularly 

noticeable before that decade: a significant number of impoverished men, women 

and children, neither Hispanic nor Indian, whose condition caused concern 

within the compassionate middle-class religious establishment.  To further 

complicate the problem Southern California had become a mecca for a great many 

invalids who were both ill and impoverished and for others who were healthy but 

in need of aid because of the chaotic nature of the economy.  Thus, though its 

population was considerably smaller than the nation's urban centers and its 

industry far less developed, Los Angeles faced problems similar to those of its 

Eastern and Midwestern counterparts.



                             A) CHARITY FOR WHOM?



    Throughout the 'eighties the letters column served as a forum for 

commentary on what kind of charity, if any, Angelenos should undertake.  In the 

ensuing debate class lines were not always clear, nor were the remedies.  The 

appeal made by the ladies of the Benevolent Society, led by socially prominent 

Mrs. Charles Ducommun and Mrs. H. G. Bath, did not bother with the 

philosophical or practical questions inherent in either the letter from "W. H. 

G." or the editorial reply it elicited.  Ducommun and Bath simply assumed that 

their request for aid would receive an enthusiastic response as a matter of 

course.  

    A few days before the Times printed "W. H. G.'s" letter Eliza Otis had 

written in her column, The Saunterer, about a brief encounter she had with "the 

little, crippled newsboy," who, when asked his age, said he was "Six years, 

going on seven."  While The Saunterer used the incident to show how compassion 

for their little friend softened the actions of older street urchins, "W. H. 

G." saw little difference between the newsboy and other beggars, and raised 

doubts about how compassionate the city really was.

                          {Times, Jan. 13, 1887, p.3}

                           CAST-OFF CLOTHING WANTED.

              Los Angeles, Jan. 12.--[To the Editor of The Times.]  

         The ladies of the Benevolent Society are greatly in need of 

         clothing for the suffering poor now on their hands.  The cold 

         weather has greatly increased the number of sufferers, and 

         also intensified their necessities, and in our city there 

         must be many who have garments that they will no longer use.  

         Will they not gladly contribute them for the immediate relief 

         of pressing needs?  Packages may be sent to 438 Hope street, 

         on every Friday afternoon, or Mrs. Ducommun, 28 Ducommun 

         street, will send for them if informed where they are.  The 

         ladies of the Benevolent Society are also greatly in need of 

         an invalid chair on rollers.  Will not some kind-hearted, 

         generous person take pleasure in supplying this pressing 

         necessity either as a loan or donation?  The condition of a 

         suffering, dying man now on our hands, and similar cases 

         continually occurring, make such a chair a matter of primary 

         importance in carrying on our work.

                                    MRS. DUCOMMUN AND MRS. BATH.



                          {Times, May 11, 1886, p. 2}

                                Harsh Charity.

              To the Editor of the Times--Sir:  The little, crippled 

         newsboy has twice been mentioned in your columns.  It occurs 

         to me to ask if it is praiseworthy to give money to such as 

         he, as it was said "he did not go away penniless" after one 

         lady had spoken to him.  Is not that just what is expected, 

         and is not some crafty and unfeeling person reaping a harvest 

         from the child's deformity?  Where is the Humane Society when 

         it allows such an unfortunate child to be made to earn his 

         own, and doubtless some other persons', living?

              Why are whining, professional beggars allowed at our 

         church doors to obtain money from well-meaning, but 

         uninformed people?

              Where is the wisdom of sending a boy of 15, or so, to 

         jail with hardened criminals for taking a loaf of bread when 

         hungry and out of work?  This is a thing which has been done 

         here; not long ago, either.

              Where is the humanity, civilization or christianity of a 

         city when its prisoners are allowed no chairs nor proper 

         beds?

              These are some conundrums that more than one person 

         would like answered.                      

                                             W. H. G.

              [We cannot admire the sentiments expressed above, nor 

         think them creditable to their author's humanity.  We do not 

         know the ins and outs, the details, the lights and shadows of 

         the young life of the little newsboy who is thus brutally 

         "bounced" by this correspondent; and we do not care to know 

         them.  It is sufficient to know that the crippled boy is an 

         unfortunate; that he is very young, very poor, very little, 

         and very lame.  With these credentials, it seems to us that 

         he might safely be braced up a little with the sympathy and 

         money of the generous and the good, without any serious 

         detriment to society or the Republic.  Selah!--Ed. Times.]



    The letter from "A. V.," coming as it did from one of the city's leading 

trade unionists {Arthur Vinette} who would soon be a force in the emerging 

socialist movement, must have puzzled many readers who failed to catch the 

satirical nature of his response to the soup-house proposal.  While Vinette did 

not identify the public-spirited citizen referred to in his opening sentence, 

the soup-kitchen was apparently related, as the Times put it, to "the tramps 

and beggars who now infest the city."  An 1883 city ordinance declared that any 

physically able person, California Indians excepted, who had no visible means 

of support and did not seek employment within ten days could be sentenced to 

perform labor on the city chain gang for as long as ninety days.  On Feb. 15, 

1885, under the headline "WHO ARE VAGRANTS? And Shall They be Permitted to Take 

Possession of the Town?" Otis called for its enforcement.  On another page the 

Times reported that the supervisors had adopted a county ordinance requiring 

all male prisoners in the jail, convicted of misdemeanors, to work on the city 

chain gang.  Vinette's letter appeared a few days later.

                         {Times, Feb. 19, 1885, p. 4}

                           The Soup-house Question.

              To the Editor of the Times--Sir:  A citizen whose bowels 

         of compassion are in active motion, has announced himself 

         ready to contribute towards the support of a soup-house.  To 

         visitors who examine our social, climatic and other 

         advantages, this must appear commendable, showing the true 

         Christian spirit of largesse which animates the well-bred 

         Angeleno.  This being the jumping-off place, it has occurred 

         to many that visitors who arrive here via the brake-beam 

         route, with stomachs like a yawning cavern, should not be 

         called upon to labor in our vineyards before the sacred 

         duties of hospitality have been given full exercise, nor 

         urged to use their return tickets without substantial repairs 

         to their inside lining, whilst the free ozone was ridding 

         them of malaria and a sun-bath on the Courthouse steps was 

         scattering their rheumatism into boundless space.

              As our guests at the Hotel de Ville threaten to make a 

         serious inroad on the tax levy, and for the sake of les 

         miserables on whom the supervisors have imposed irksome 

         duties in the nature of a freeze-out, it certainly behooves 

         our citizens to give this matter consideration.  It is 

         annoying that men, with no visible means of support, will 

         thrust themselves upon a community.  Instances are 

         multiplying of individuals who meander through highways and 

         byways, offering wares which are a drug on the market, having 

         been led to believe that such commodities were always in 

         demand.  Not wanted! * * * *   Here are Princes of the Blood, 

         the children of a King, with nothing to render but wage-

         service, the demand for which, with ware-houses replete, must 

         be limited.  It is no wonder they arrive at the conclusion 

         that the authorities should be paternal and provide work for 

         all, a heresy which should be discountenanced by all true 

         followers of Malthus; and our Supervisors have committed an 

         error in providing work for future visitors, for it may prove 

         an entering wedge for a hetorodox doctrine of government.  

         The soup-house plan, unless under rigid surveillance, might 

         propogate this schism.  For should the subscribers generously 

         provide work for their convives, it is obvious that this 

         would impair the status of society, which is based on the 

         immutable law of supply and demand, not to speak of the 

         natural disputes as to the amount of muscular exertion to be 

         required as the equivalent of a bowl of soup, with interest 

         added plus the wages of superintendence.

              Possibly some one might wish to establish in connection 

         with the soup-house a free employment bureau, thereby doing 

         harm to a legitimate business, or a free bureau of exchange 

         in real estate, and just think of the results!  However as 

         this sort of philanthropy must find a vent, it were as well 

         perhaps to let it expend itself on a soup-house, lest, by 

         stifling the early symptoms, the result be more dangerous.  

         Still, forewarned is forearmed, and citizens can easily keep 

         this epidemic of charity within bounds by using a part of it 

         for a society of prevention of something which shall not 

         disturb the equilibrium of society for the law of self-

         preservation is paramount.  Though duly convinced that the 

         laisser-faire policy cannot solve the problems of hard times, 

         I will not withhold praise for the before-mentioned citizen, 

         who shows a great aptitude for expedient statesmanship--which 

         is alike applicable to the powers that reign, the people, by 

         a big majority.

              Charity forsooth!  Under thy name, indeed, is covered a 

         multitude of shortcomings and wilfull neglects, and thy 

         devotees are led blindfolded to the shrine of a veiled idol 

         called expediency.                               

                                     A. V.



    This unsigned call for an association of charities, published on the day 

that the association held its organizational meeting, sought to bring Los 

Angeles in line with cities elsewhere where the proliferation of charitable 

organizations resulted in institutionalizing and professionalizing relief 

measures.  Did such an association stem from and further the religious impulse 

to do good or was it but an application of current business management 

techniques for the purpose of efficiency?

                         {Times, Jan. 23, 1888, p. 3}

                             Associated Charities.

              Los Angeles, Jan. 20.--[To the Editor of The Times.]  In 

         answer to a request, may I make a few statements in your 

         paper concerning two of the stumbling blocks that presented 

         themselves to some minds at the meeting to organize the 

         Associated Charities of the city of Los Angeles.

              The system--a well-known one--London, Germantown, 

         Boston, Buffalo, Cincinnati, Washington, D. C., and other 

         cities having worked upon this plan for years in dispensing 

         their charities, opposes random giving, consequent waste of 

         the gift and discouragement of the giver.  The main object of 

         the central association is to inquire into the condition of 

         the applicants, to see whether their need comes from 

         illness--here the physicians find their line of cooperation; 

         whether from idleness--here the woodyard and the muddy 

         streets become the test; the city authorities cooperating, 

         and the city treasury testifying to the results, whether from 

         shiftlessness, caused in too many cases by lack of early 

         training to do work of any kind, and well and faithfully.  

         Here the ladies, with their patience in showing the women and 

         children how to sew and do other work, cooperate; or, if from 

         misfortune, which at times may come to all of us, the case is 

         turned to one of the "spokes" of the wheel, and to such a one 

         as has shown itself best fitted to help that particular form 

         of misfortune.  This investigation leads to the detection of 

         fraud, and the consequent withdrawal of undeserved charity.  

         Let me quote from the report of the associated charities of 

         Boston for 1882.  Out of 3218 cases known to the Associated 

         Charities only one-third needed help, one-half needed work 

         rather than relief, one-sixth were idle, vicious or 

         impostors, who needed to have all relief sharply cut off, so 

         that they should be forced to support themselves by honest 

         work.  Yet these last are the artful beggars who deceive us 

         into giving alms unless we protect ourselves by association.

              As the hub of the wheel is merely the medium of support 

         for the spokes and outlying rim, so should this central 

         office be looked upon, not with jealousy or distrust, but 

         simply as a means of holding together the many valuable 

         societies; to work in unison, neither duplicating the work of 

         the other, neither jealous, lest its own reputation for 

         successful work be marred by comparison or contact with other 

         societies.  Union is strength, is not less true in 

         combinations for charitable work than for those in any other 

         department.  A few earnest people, too well known as having 

         kind hearts and willing hands to have their motives 

         questioned, propose to associate themselves for intelligent 

         action in the lines of charities.  They will "compel no 

         society to join them whether willing or not;" they will only 

         invite to friendly talk till some may wish to join, none 

         being asked to do so until seems best to them.  A community 

         of educated people, as we certainly call this, should not 

         take fright at a plan because it is new.  Are not the new 

         things the only proofs of growth?  Fifty years ago in any of 

         our cities would we have found "Christian associations," 

         "Christian temperance unions," "woman's clubs," "woman's 

         homes?"  Each and all probably had their bitter opponents; 

         each and all of these. and many more in every city, have 

         grown--have proved their right to be, and the Associated 

         Charities when understood--and all unselfish minds do seek to 

         understand the good points of new projects--will be looked 

         upon with friendly eyes.  The other cities have proved this.  

         "City Relief" and other names of societies do not embrace 

         what this does; they have a colder, harder sound, and may 

         give the idea of being more a city work than the {illegible} 

         joining of all societies for noble work under the name of 

         Associated Charities implies.

              The central office in Boston was run by one noble 

         gentleman of wealth, who gave his whole time to the work out 

         of love of humanity.  A young lady gave her time at a minimal 

         salary, and she proved a genius in her work for the women.  A 

         small room answered for the work at first; two small rooms 

         when the other charities joined and part of the work was 

         carried on in other districts thus relieving the central 

         district.  Here the president and officers have always kept 

         up the weekly conferences, all interested being welcome to 

         attend.  This was but slight expense, membership fees, $1 a 

         year, life memberships, donations, legacies, etc., added to 

         the vast saving to the city treasury, all together helped on 

         the fund, which with the wiser disbursement, did a greater 

         share of good.  Let me mention one fact.  At the close of the 

         first year of the working of this association in Buffalo, the 

         report of the City Treasurer mentioned that an immense saving 

         had been caused by the investigation of cases of applicants 

         for help.  Vastly over $30,000 was quoted as the sum.  So the 

         "expensive machinery" referred to at the meeting was kept 

         running partly by wise economy, as well as by contributions.



    "One Who Knows" offered yet another view on the question of need, a view 

that would be at home in the debate over welfare reform a century later.  The 

immediate issue was the rape of eleven-year-old Maggie Switzer by an adult 

friend, Tom Gormley, a crime that was front page news in Los Angeles.  While 

Marshal Virgil Earp of Colton {formerly of Tombstone} led the manhunt for the 

fugitive Gormley, "One Who Knows" raised serious questions about charitable 

gifts offered to Switzer's widowed mother.  Gormley was later captured and 

convicted.

                         {Times, Aug. 3, 1887, p. 11}

                              An Unworthy Mother.

                SHOULD LITTLE MAGGIE SWITZER BE TAKEN FROM HER?

              Los Angeles, July 30.--[To the Editor of the Times.]  I 

         see that Gormlee's wife was arrested and tried for being 

         accessory to the crime her husband committed.  Maggie Switzer 

         testified in court that she said Gormlee was a drunkard; that 

         her mother knew he was drunk.  And still that mother let her 

         girl go with a drunken man.  If the truth were known she 

         might have been as drunk as he.  Now I ask in all honesty if 

         the authorities would not do well to arrest her for letting 

         her little girl go with a drunken man?  The mother told me 

         this week that the child had not a pair of shoes, not a pair 

         of drawers, neither stockings nor much in the shape of a 

         dress, only what had been sent in since the child was sick.  

         In the name of common sense what has that mother been doing 

         that the child was not comfortably clothed?  The mother can 

         get from $1 up to $2 by the day if she will work.  Is there 

         any reason for poverty and starvation?  I say no.  I offered 

         her all the plain sewing she could do, but she would not do 

         it.  Does not this account for her poverty?  I went to a 

         druggist here on her behalf and he offered to fill her 

         perscriptions free of charge, then I went to a grocery and he 

         gave her all the groceries she asked me for, and at the same 

         time $4 was given to her in money.  A day or two after she 

         was brought here, and she told me then that the child had had 

         quite a little sum of money given to her.  I went again in a 

         week and the child was as above described, and in the mean 

         time a purse of $17 had been sent in.  Where is it?  Yes, 

         where is it?  I then sent her another bill of groceries--all 

         she asked for, and dresses, shoes, stockings and cotton for 

         the child.  I did all this and more, supposing the mother was 

         a worthy woman, but I found on authority that cannot be 

         disputed, that it would not be safe to give her the money as 

         it would be spent for something stronger, and so I sent goods 

         as stated.

              Now, it is a plain case that the mother is not a fit 

         person to have the custody of the child, and I suggest that 

         Maggie be sent to the Girls' Home here, or somewhere else, 

         and let the mother support herself or starve.  She ought not 

         to be able to trade on the sympathy of people for her child.

              Is she a natural mother that would let her little girl 

         go with a man she did not know much of, a drunken man, a man 

         that was drunk at the time she let her go?  No, there is not 

         a mother in Los Angeles that has any respect for herself, or 

         her girl that God had given her who would do it.  This ought 

         to be looked into by proper authority.

              As for the fiend in human shape that betrayed that 

         child's innocence, the severest punishment would be 

         justifiable.  May God forgive him for no mortal on earth can.

                                           ONE WHO KNOWS.



           B) HOMES FOR ABANDONED BOYS, STRAY GIRLS AND FALLEN WOMEN



    Especially disturbing was the problem of homeless boys and girls, who began 

to appear on the streets in distressingly large numbers in the 'eighties.  

Principal among those involved in the task of providing housing for them was 

Mrs. Helen A. Watson, whom both Harris Newmark and Boyle Workman cited as the 

city's first jail matron.  After the city council had failed by one vote on 

July 30, 1888, to appoint Watson to the post, the Police Commission hired her 

two days later, over Chief Cuddy's objection, as matron at $60 a month.  An 

outspoken advocate of the reform philosophy emerging toward the end of the 

century, Watson was a forerunner of the modern social worker, concentrating on 

child welfare.

    In the turmoil of the boom years reformers struggled to raise funds to 

provide homes for the wayward.  Since the state did not provide such facilities 

the burden fell upon private charity.  With the experience of San Francisco and 

other large cities that had faced the problem long before Los Angeles to guide 

them, charitable organizations launched fund raising campaigns for construction 

of the needed housing.  While an Orphans' Home opened early in the 'eighties, 

the other shelters came into existence gradually throughout the decade.  John 

Pelton was an architect.

                         {Times, Jan. 16, 1887, p. 6}

                                THE BOYS' HOME.

              Los Angeles, Jan. 15.--[To the Editor of The Times.]  

         Some time since your readers will remember a letter from 

         Messrs. Mills and Bixby, and the proffer by them of a lot 

         suitable for the erection upon it of a building for a "Boys' 

         Home."

              I trust you will excuse me for my intrusion upon time 

         and space, but having superintended the construction of the 

         original building for the Boys and Girls' Aid Society of San 

         Francisco, the object of which is the same, and through this 

         being somewhat familiar with its purpose, growth and success 

         I cannot but feel interested.

              Mr. Mills has suggested that I explain something of the 

         plan which I have prepared and the purpose and uses of the 

         building.

              The lot is situated on the southeast corner of Fourth 

         and Wall, only two squares from Main street, and has a 

         frontage of 66 feet on Fourth by 100 on Wall.  The main 

         entrance is placed on the Wall-street side near the front.  

         From a small lobby we pass into a spacious, well-lighted and 

         inviting hall.  This room is to be used as a sitting-room, 

         reading-room, for games, etc., etc.; in fact, this is the  

         room of the house.  I have endeavored to break away from the 

         idea of an "institution" and the institution look, which 

         seems to mark every feature of such buildings as usually 

         built.  It is proposed that this be a home, and this has been 

         my aim.

              From the main room opens an assembly hall, 38x50 feet.  

         This occupies this part of the building, and is to be used 

         for evening classes, prayers, entertainments, etc., etc.  The 

         dining-room, 27x57, opens from the main room to the rear, and 

         the stairs to the dormitories on the second floor start from 

         it, also the stairs to the lavatories and gymnasium in the 

         basement.

              The manager's desk is placed in the further end of this 

         room, from which he commands, almost at a glance, the 

         movements of the boys throughout the building.  The size of 

         this main room is made 20x57.  

              There are two dormitories, one over assembly room, 

         38x50, and one over middle and rear portion, 48x57.  

         Storerooms for linen and wardrobes for changes of clothing 

         are provided on second floor.

              The kitchen department, larder, scullery, etc., is in a 

         separate building, in size 11x30, disconnected from the main 

         building, back of the dining-room.

              There are in all large cities many abandoned boys from 7 

         to 13 years of age, who float naturally into crime, for whom 

         the first thought is given when they are brought up as 

         candidates for a reformatory institution.  In this movement, 

         an "ounce of prevention is worth ten pounds of cure."

              The proportion of these boys in Los Angeles is large, on 

         account of the evenness of the climate--in their exposed 

         condition, an important consideration.

              It is intended to bring in these boys, surround them 

         with bright and pleasant influences, which many have never 

         had, give them a good, wholesome bath, a plain meal, and a 

         clean bed, and keep them until homes can be found them, or 

         their better nature leads them to seek positions--the house 

         always being open to them.

              As a source of attraction, a gymnasium is provided, and 

         books and reading matter.  The entertainments, classes, 

         maintenance and management are questions to be decided by 

         those interested in the object; but that the real good of the 

         thing will assure that others like Messrs. Mills and Bixby 

         will give it a strong start and steady support, there should 

         be no doubt.

              I may say that under the good influences of the Aid 

         Society of San Francisco are seldom less than 50 to 80 boys 

         and girls.

                                        JOHN C. PELTON, JR.



                        {Times, April 21, 1887, p. 6}

                         A Home for Friendless Girls.
                                       
              Los Angeles, April 19.--[To the Editor of The Times.]  

         Trusting you will allow this a place in the columns of your 

         paper, I take the liberty to address a line to the public, 

         stating the necessities of the hour and the urgency that 

         demands immediate action.  I commenced a work here especially 

         for children, having obtained permission to forward to the 

         Boys and Girls' Aid Society, San Francisco, those for which 

         we have no provision here.  I am receiving applications from 

         parents and guardians (also girls who are strangers here and 

         in need of protection and help) to take charge of a class for 

         which there is no home; every door is closed against them.  

         Where shall the young girl go?  To whom can she appeal for 

         aid to assist her to rise above a life of shame?  With all 

         the avenues of sin and death that wait to ensnare her and 

         lead her down, there is not one place in our city where 

         welcome is written over the door to one who would turn from a 

         life worse than death.  Cast out from society, friendless, 

         what is left for poor, fallen woman?  Last week I received 

         notice that two young girls must be looked after or they 

         would be lost.  Yesterday three more such cases were reported 

         to me.  I appeal to the Christian public to assist in a work 

         that demands immediate attention.

              The officers, policemen and judges are doing all in 

         their power, but, as one of them said to me: "You have no 

         home for them.  Shall we search them out and rescue them only 

         to send them adrift again."  My answer is no, it shall not 

         be.  The city, famous for its unbounded charity, will surely 

         respond to an appeal for help for this class.  They will not 

         "weary in well-doing" till a home is provided where every 

         returning wanderer will receive a hearty welcome.  Very 

         truly,

                                         MRS. H. A. WATSON.



    Like the ladies of the Benevolent Society, those on the Flower Festival 

Board made no effort to debate the societal causes of conditions that created 

the need for the Woman's Home that they were erecting.  The Festival, which was 

a major social event in the city during the 1880s and 1890s, originated as a 

means of financing charitable projects of the Woman's Club.  {See chapter on 

"Women."}  H. W. Mills, who generously contributed to the Boys' Home, was their 

benefactor as well, setting an example that made it unnecessary to resort to 

sociological theory.  Mrs. Watson, in her brief letter, was somewhat more open 

about why a home for girls, the one to whom it was suggested that Maggie 

Switzer be sent, was necessary.  The Woman's Home, supported by the Flower 

Festival, opened on Fourth Street early in 1887.  Mrs. Watson's home for "stray 

girls" began operation later that year.

    "A Woman's" letter, most likely written by Mrs. E. C. Stillman as 

indicated by both the phrasing and the sentiments expressed in an earlier 

letter not included here, was directly to the point.  The Times article 

referred to by Stillman, "Shame and Remorse," reported a suicide attempt by a 

"fallen woman" and carried the theme, resurrected by conservatives a century 

later, that shame was an important factor in ending the debauchery of an errant 

one.  "Mac" was the 1880s equivalent of "pimp."

                         {Times, Dec. 10, 1886. p. 4}

                                A TIMELY GIFT.

              Los Angeles, Dec. 9.--[To the Editor of The Times.]  The 

         Flower Festival Society has been the recipient of many 

         pleasant surprises, and the hearts of the ladies engaged in 

         this woman's work have been gladdened by donations of lots 

         and of money--by the hearty cooperation of hundreds in the 

         great work of carrying on our annual festivals.  And now Mr. 

         H. W. Mills has added another link to our lengthening chain 

         of blessings.

              You are doubtless aware that our society is erecting our 

         Woman's Home, commodious and complete in all of its 

         departments, on Fourth, between Main and Los Angeles streets.  

         A most happy thought suggested itself to Mr. Mills, which he 

         carried out by offering to furnish (more than comfortably) 

         one of the sleeping-rooms of this home, and in addition to 

         this, he put into our treasurer's hands the sum of $100, to 

         be used where most needed.

              Certainly this example of Mr. Mills is worthy of 

         imitation, and this thought comes to us: Are there not many 

         ladies and gentlemen in our favored city who would render 

         assistance in this department?  We feel sure that the giving 

         would not impoverish, and that in blessing others they 

         themselves would be blessed.  Respectfully,

                                 LADIES' FLOWER FESTIVAL BOARD.



                          {Times, May 9, 1887, p. 3}

                               The Girls' Home.

              Los Angeles, May 8.--[To the Editor of The Times.]  I 

         have received many inquiries in regard to the Stray Girl's 

         Home, as it is called, and if you will allow this explanation 

         a place in the columns of your paper you will greatly oblige 

         me.

                         PLAN AND OBJECT OF THE HOME.

              The home we are about to establish, especially for young 

         girls, will be an unsectarian, Christian home, intended to 

         reach all classes that need help--those that are penniless 

         and friendless, and need assistance--and the refractory and 

         unmanageable that may be committed from the courts, giving us 

         legal power to hold them under restraint till we can bind 

         them with cords of love to a better life.  Also a class of 

         young girls that today are unwilling prisoners in our houses 

         of ill fame, asking God to help them break the chains that 

         bind them, and find, as they look out on this beautiful 

         earth, "no hope" written over everything.

              The citizens of Southern California who, by their 

         generous contributions, have said such a home shall be 

         established here, will rear a monument that shall reach from 

         earth to heaven.  The first round of the ladder will be, "Go 

         and sin no more;" the last one, "Come, ye blessed of My 

         Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you."  Yours truly,

                                 MRS. H. A. WATRON. {WATSON}



                         {Times, Nov. 4, 1888, p. 12}

                             Pity for the Fallen.

              Los Angeles, Oct. 25.--[To the Editor of the Times.]  

         When I read in a late number of The Times under the heading, 

         "Shame and Remorse," my heart was filled with sadness and 

         pity for the "unfortunate" ones, who, "when the full 

         realization of their degradation so grows upon them that they 

         are driven to despair, and seek relief from the fangs of 

         conscience in the oblivion of the grave."  Is not the 

         condition of these fallen ones most sad?  Betrayed into one 

         false step, and they are forever shut out from hope and shut 

         up to despair.  Is it any wonder they go down until they 

         reach the lowest depths of sin?  Bitter tears of repentance 

         will not, in the eyes of the world, wash away the stain.  The 

         virtuous, with scorn and loathing, pass by on the other side.  

         None to take them by the hand and lead them to the gracious 

         Saviour who would say to the sinful but repenting one, 

         "Neither do I condemn thee, go in peace and sin no more."  We 

         can not know the force with which the dark temptation came in 

         some unguarded hour.  We can not know the remorse, we can not 

         see the bitter, scalding tears, as the lost one realizes her 

         condition and "thinks of the woman she might have been."

              Jesus came to seek and to save the lost.  In Him there 

         is hope for her, and His command to His servants is: "Go out 

         into the streets and lanes of the city and compel them to 

         come that my house may be full."  Who will obey this command?  

         Do not say "It is useless; they will not reform."  Go with a 

         heart full of love and pity; tell them of a Savior's love and 

         lead them back to virtue and to hope.  But to do anything for 

         them public sentiment must be reformed.  The resolution 

         passed at the ladies' meeting at the Fort-street M. E. Church 

         points to a change in the right direction.  While we feel how 

         great the sin is into which these women have fallen, it must 

         come to be understood that it is as great in men, and that 

         society so regards it.  Then the fallen must be made to feel 

         that they will be helped, if a sincere desire to reform and 

         henceforth lead a virtuous life is manifested, and that they 

         will not be forever branded as vile.

              But it is useless to preach reform unless they can be 

         removed from these dens of infamy and from access of 

         temptation.  A home must be provided where they can be cared 

         for and make full proof of their sincerity, and be trained to 

         some business by which they can support themselves and become 

         independent.

              To the people of Los Angeles the appeal is made.  Who 

         will give of their means to provide such a home?  Who will 

         organize such a society to carry out such a plan?  If you 

         have read Dr. Talmage's sermon in The Times of October 8th, I 

         am sure your heart will be moved with pity, and you will do 

         all in your power to rescue and save some fallen one.

              Who would not be glad as he closes his eyes on this 

         world to hear the angels who keep the 12 gates of heaven 

         united in crying to your ascending spirit "Come in at any of 

         the 12 gates you choose!  Come in and welcome, for it has 

         been told all over these celestial neighborhoods that you 

         saved a man--saved a woman!"

              Drive out the "macs" if they will not cease their vile 

         business.  Close the dens of infamy, but as the inmates go 

         out point them to the way of life; draw them to paths of 

         virtue and to God.  It is not for this world only.  Think of 

         the immortal soul and hasten to the rescue.

              "'Tis not all of life to live, nor all of death to die."

                                                   A WOMAN.