Cal Poly Pomona

Filipino Names

Helpful Hints

  • In 1957, the Philippine National Assembly passed a law making Filipino the national language. Filipino is based on Tagalog and includes elements of other Philippine languages. Most Filipinos are trilingual. Tagalog is one of more than 120 languages spoken in the country of the Philippines. About 60 percent of the population speaks Tagalog. Other languages used include IIongo, Cebuano and IIokano. Tagalog is spoken in Manila, the capital city and the surrounding region. In the government English and Tagalog are spoken equally, In academia, English is used. However, there is current trend to introduce the Filipino language in universities.
  • Since Spain ruled the Philippines for 377 years, there is notable amount of Spanish in Filipino (e.g., Iamesa, Zapatos. etc). Spanish first and last names are abundant (e.g., Angelito, Carmencita, Cortez, Castillo). The version of Spanish used is Castillian. Therefore, Padilla is pronounced "padilya" and Vallejo is pronounced "valyeho". Chinese is also influential in Tagalog. "Ng" is a Chinese sound in the Tagalog alphabet and many common last names of Chinese descent are used including Chan, Yap, Ho, Lin, and Ng.
  • The Filipino alphabet does not use "c," "f," "v," or "x," letters. There are numerous exceptions in the spelling of names, e.g., Tiongco, Floricel. A 1987 constitutional amendment made the pronunciation of the ph in the country name Philippines and "f" as in English. Previously a "p" sound was used. For the letter "c" they use an "s" or a "k" sound. Instead of the "x", a "ks" spelling and pronunciation is used, e.g., taksi instead of taxi.
  • Spanish names ending in "a" tend to be female; names ending with "o" tend to be male.
  • Although stress varies, it is often noted on the next to last syllable. The stressed vowel is always long.

You can learn more about Filipino names at Wikipedia, and read a very interesting analysis of Filipino names in terms of popularity and origin.

 First Names  Pronunciation  Last Names Pronunciation
 Adelaide ahdelydah  Aquino ahkeeno
 Angelita ahngheleetah  Bautista bahooteestah
 Annal ahnah Beado beeyahdo
Antonio ahntoneeyo Calacal kahlahkal
 Aunor awnor Catepusan kahtahpoosahn
Carlo karlo Cayanan kahyahnun
Catalina kahtahleena De La Cruz de la kroos
Dakila dahkeelah Delgado delgahdo
Dalisay dahleesy Doromal dorohmahl
Diego deeyaygo Elizalde eleesahlday
Floricel florreesel Fernandez fernahndes
Gemma jemah Gomez gomes
Guillermo geelyermo Gonzales gonzahles
Honesto ohnesto Juanita hwahneetah
Irma irmah Lacson lahkson
Isabel eesahbel Macapuguay mahkapoogai
Ligaya leegahyah Magwill mahgweelee
Liwayway leewaiwai Maligaya mahleegahyah
Luningning looningning Mangabat mahngahbaht
Lourdes lordess Mata mahtah
 Magdalena mahgdahleena Nipay neepy
Manuel mahnoowel Ng nahng
Maria mahreeyah Pacpaco pahkpahko
Maricar mahrikahr Padilla pahdilya
Miguel meegel Penaranda penyahrahnda
Norma normah Rodriguez rodreeges
    Samiento sahmeeyento
    Singson singson
    Soriano soreeyano
    Sulit sooleet
    Tagalicod tagahlikod
    Tangalin tahngahlin
    Uy olyee
    Villaflor veellyaflor, or beelyahplor
    Viray veerrai

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updated July 28, 2005