Molly McPup

Introduction to Research Methods in Political Science:
The POWERMUTT* Project
(for use with SPSS)

*Politically-Oriented Web-Enhanced Research Methods for Undergraduates — Topics & Tools
Resources for introductory research methods courses in political science and related disciplines

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CODEBOOK:  GSS 1972-2010 Cumulative Datafile Subset (gsscums.sav)           

A subset of the National Opinion Center's General Social Survey.  Source: http://www3.norc.org/gss+website/. Accessed December 18, 2012.                                   

Variable          Variable
Name              Label

weight: WEIGHT
year: YEAR SURVEYED
cohort: AGE COHORT
polviews: THINK OF SELF AS LIBERAL OR CONSERVATIVE  
partyid: POLITICAL PARTY AFFILIATION                    
news: HOW OFTEN DOES R READ NEWSPAPER                    
tvhoursHOURS PER DAY WATCHING TV                          
eqwlth: SHOULD GOVT REDUCE INCOME DIFFERENCES              
natspac: SPACE EXPLORATION PROGRAM                           
natenvir: IMPROVING & PROTECTING ENVIRONMENT                 
natheal: IMPROVING & PROTECTING NATIONS HEALTH              
natcitySOLVING PROBLEMS OF BIG CITIES                     
natcrime: HALTING RISING CRIME RATE                          
natdrug: DEALING WITH DRUG ADDICTION                         
nateduc: IMPROVING NATIONS EDUCATION SYSTEM                 
natrace: IMPROVING THE CONDITIONS OF BLACKS                 
natarms: MILITARY, ARMAMENTS, AND DEFENSE                   
nataid: FOREIGN AID                                        
natfare: WELFARE                                            
abany: ABORTION IF WOMAN WANTS FOR ANY REASON            
cappun: FAVOR OR OPPOSE DEATH PENALTY FOR MURDER          
colhomo: ALLOW HOMOSEXUAL TO TEACH                         
fepol: WOMEN NOT SUITED FOR POLITICS                     
grass: SHOULD MARIJUANA BE MADE LEGAL                    
gunlaw: FAVOR OR OPPOSE GUN PERMITS                       
racmar: FAVOR LAW AGAINST RACIAL INTERMARRIAGE           
conpress: CONFIDENCE IN PRESS                                
contv: CONFIDENCE IN TELEVISION                          
conjudge: CONFID. IN UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT            
confed: CONFID. IN EXEC BRANCH OF FED GOVT                
conlegis: CONFIDENCE IN CONGRESS                            
helpful: PEOPLE HELPFUL OR LOOKING OUT FOR SELVES          
fair: PEOPLE FAIR OR TRY TO TAKE ADVANTAGE              
trust: CAN PEOPLE BE TRUSTED  
voted: RESPONDENT VOTED IN MOST RECENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION                         

Notes:  

(1) To facilitate analysis for the exercises in the “Longitudinal Analysis” topic, all attitudinal and behavioral variables in this subset have been recoded to form dichotomies, with valid values of 0 and 100.  Except for Party ID, variables were recoded to divide respondents into groups that are roughly equal in size.

(2) Because of an insufficient number of cases (fewer than 100), the GI Generation cohort (those born 1927 or earlier) has been excluded for surveys after 2006; for the same reason, the Generation X cohort (those born from 1965 through 1981) has been excluded for surveys prior to 1987 and the Millennium Generation cohort (those born after 1981) has been excluded for surveys prior to 2004.  


weight      SAMPLE WEIGHT 

This variable is used to correct for known or estimated sampling biases, including those resulting from household size.  The weight variable used here is a composite of  "formwt," "oversamp" and "wtssall" in the original data. For more information, see Appendix A of the GSS codebook at http://www3.norc.org/gss+website/Documentation.


year        YEAR SURVEYED


cohort      AGE COHORT                      

              1    GI Generation (born 1927 or earlier)
              2    Silent Generation (born 1928-1945)
              3    Baby Boomers(born 1946-1964)
              4    Generation X (born 1965-1981)
              5    Millennium Generation(born 1982 or later)
              8    NA
              9    GI Generation, but surveyed after 2006, or Generation X, but surveyed prior to 1987, or Millennium Generation, but surveyed prior to 2004

Note: Respondents whose age was coded as 89 or older are assumed to have been 89 years old. In a few cases, this may have resulted in respondents being assigned to a later cohort than was actually the case.


polviews    THINK OF SELF AS LIBERAL OR CONSERVATIVE

We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and conservatives. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal--point 1--to extremely conservative-- point 7. Where would you place yourself on this scale?

              0  Liberal or Moderate
              100  Conservative


partyid    POLITICAL PARTY AFFILIATION

Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or what?

              0  Republican (including "leaners")
              100  Democrat ("including "leaners")
              sysmis Independent or other


news        DOES R READ NEWSPAPER DAILY

              0 No
              100 Yes


tvhours     DOES R WATCH TY > 2 HRS/DAY?

              0 No
              100 Yes


eqwlth      SHOULD GOVT REDUCE INCOME DIFFERENCES

Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel? (CIRCLE ONE):

              0 No (originally coded 4-7)
              100 Yes (originally coded 1-3)


natspac     SPACE EXPLORATION PROGRAM

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  A. Space exploration program

              0 Too much
              100 About right or too little


natenvir    IMPROVING & PROTECTING ENVIRONMENT

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  B. Improving and protecting the environment            

              0 Too much or about right
              100 Too little


natheal     IMPROVING & PROTECTING NATIONS HEALTH

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  C. Improving and protecting the nation's health

              0 Too much or about right
              100 Too little


natcity     SOLVING PROBLEMS OF BIG CITIES

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  D. Solving the problems of the big cities

              0 Too much or about right
              100 Too little


natcrime    HALTING RISING CRIME RATE

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  E. Halting the rising crime rate

              0 Too much or about right
              100 Too little


natdrug     DEALING WITH DRUG ADDICTION

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  F. Dealing with drug addiction

              0 Too much or about right
              100 Too little


nateduc     IMPROVING NATION'S EDUCATION SYSTEM

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?   G. Improving the nation's education system

              0 Too much or about right
              100 Too little


natrace     IMPROVING THE CONDITIONS OF BLACKS

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  H. Improving the conditions of Blacks

              0 Too much or about right
              100 Too little


natarms     MILITARY, ARMAMENTS, AND DEFENSE

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  I. The military, armaments and defense

              0 Too much
              100 About right or too little 


nataid      FOREIGN AID

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . .  . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  J. Foreign aid

              0 Too much
              100 About right or too little


natfare     WELFARE

We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First (READ ITEM A) . . . are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on (ITEM)?  K. Welfare

              0 Too much
              100 About right or too little


abany       ABORTION IF WOMAN WANTS FOR ANY REASON

Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if . . . the woman wants it for any reason?

              0 No
              100 Yes    


cappun     FAVOR OR OPPOSE DEATH PENALTY FOR MURDER

Do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder?

              0 Oppose
              100 Favor  


colhomo     ALLOW HOMOSEXUAL TO TEACH

And what about a man who admits that he is a homosexual?  Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not?

              0 No
              100 Yes    


fepol       WOMEN NOT SUITED FOR POLITICS

Tell me if you agree or disagree with this statement: Most men are better suited emotionally for politics than are most women.

              0 Disagree
              100 Agree  


grass       SHOULD MARIJUANA BE MADE LEGAL

Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not?

              0 No
              100 Yes    


gunlaw      FAVOR OR OPPOSE GUN PERMITS

Would you favor or oppose a law which would require a person to obtain a police permit before he or she could buy a gun?

              0 Oppose
              100 Favor  


racmar      FAVOR LAW AGAINST RACIAL INTERMARRIAGE

Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/Blacks/African- Americans) and whites?

              0 No
              100 Yes    


conpress    CONFIDENCE IN PRESS

I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? . . . G. Press

              0 Hardly any
              100 A great deal or only some


contv       CONFIDENCE IN TELEVISION

I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? . . . I. TV

              0 Hardly Any
              100 A great deal or only some


conjudge    CONFIDENCE IN UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT

I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? . . .  J. U.S. Supreme Court

              0 Only some or hardly any
              100 A great deal


confed      CONFIDENCE IN EXEC BRANCH OF FED GOVT

I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? . . .  E. Executive branch of the federal government

              0 Hardly any
              100 A great deal or only some


conlegis    CONFIDENCE IN CONGRESS

I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? . . . L. Congress

              0 Hardly any
              100 A great deal or only some


helpful    ARE MOST PEOPLE NOT HELPFUL?

Would you say that most of the time people try to be helpful, or that they are mostly just looking out for themselves?

              0 Look out for self or depends
              100 Helpful


fair        ARE MOST PEOPLE FAIR?

Do you think most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance, or would they try to be fair?               

`             0 Take advantage or depends
              100 Fair


trust       ARE MOST PROPLE TRUSTWORTHY?  

Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in life.

              0 Not trustworthy
              100 Trustworthy or depends


voted     RESPONDENT VOTED IN MOST RECENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION          

     0 No
                   100 Yes

 


Last updated May 1, 2013 .
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