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CODEBOOK: 2004 American National Election Study Subset (anes04s.sav)   

A subset of the 2004 National Election Study pre-election and post-election surveys, produced and distributed by the Center for Political Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.  The data and the codebook (on which this document is based) were downloaded from the National Election Studies web site at http://www.umich.edu/~nes/.   

Interviews were conducted face-to-face.  Pre-election interviews were conducted between September 7 and November 1 inclusive.  Post-election interviews were conducted between November 3 and December 20 inclusive.  The population from which the sample was drawn consisted of voting age United States citizens.   From an initial multistage area cluster sample of 1,833 eligible respondents, a total of 1,212 were interviewed in the pre-election survey, yielding a response rate of 66.1%.  Of these, 1,066 (88%) were re-interviewed in the post-election survey.  This subset includes only those interviewed in both surveys.  

Variable names have been changed to make them easier to identify.  The original variable names are provided in the list that follows.  Some variables have been recoded to facilitate analysis.  In some cases, a variable included in this subset was derived from two or more variables in the original data file.   

Variable    Original    Variable
Name        Name(s)     Label                                                        

 

case        V040001      Case ID
weight      V040102      Weight  

Pre-election Survey:  

children    V041103     Number of children in household
gender      V041109a    Respondent gender
state       V041202     State code
region      V041205     Census region
intgenpr    V042103     Interviewer gender
intracpr    V042105     Interviewer race
thermdem    V043049     Feeling Thermometer: the Democratic party
thermgop    V043050     Feeling Thermometer: the Republican party
ideology    V043085     R self-placement liberal-conservative
isolate     V043113     Country would be better off if we just stayed home
partyid3    V043114     R party ID, 3-point scale
partyid7    V043116     R party ID, 7-point scale
afghan      V043131     Was Afghanistan war worth the cost?
iraq        V043134     Was Iraq war worth the cost?
spending    V043136     Spending and Services - 7-point scale self-placement
defense     V043142     Defense spending - 7-point scale self-placement
taxcuts     V043149     Does R favor/oppose tax cuts Pres. Bush initiated?
medinsur    V043150     Govt/private medical insurance scale: self-placement
jobs        V043152     Job and Good Standard of Living -scale self-placement
afamer      V043158     Government assistance to blacks-7 point scale self-placement
highways    V043164     Federal Budget Spending: building/repairing highways
socsec      V043165     Federal Budget Spending: Social Security
schools     V043166     Federal Budget Spending: public schools
science     V043167     Federal Budget Spending: science and technology
crime       V043168     Federal Budget Spending: dealing with crime
welfare     V043169     Federal Budget Spending: welfare programs
kidcare     V043170     Federal Budget Spending: child care
foraid      V043171     Federal Budget Spending: foreign aid
pooraid     V043172     Federal Budget Spending: aid to the poor
borders     V043173     Fed Budget Spending: border security to prevent illegal immigration
terror      V043174     Federal Budget Spending: war on terrorism
richtax     V043176     Do rich pay right amount of taxes?
poortax     V043177     Do poor pay right amount of taxes?
payabort    V043179     Favor govt funds to pay for abortions?
partial     V043181     Favor/oppose ban on late-term/partial-birth abortions?
envirjob    V043182     Environment vs. jobs tradeoff scale - self-placement
cappun      V043187     R favor/oppose death penalty?
gunbuy      V043189     Should fed govt make more difficult to buy gun - self
gunown      V043195     Does R have a gun in his or her home or garage?
gaywed      V043210     R position on gay marriage
relguide    V043220     Does religion provide guidance in day-to-day living?
relserv     V043223 &   Attend religious services how often?
            V043224 &
            V043225     
denom       V043247     Religious denomination
age         V043250     Respondent age
marstat     V043251     Marital status
educate     V043254     Respondent education level
union       V043290     Anyone in household belong to labor union?
income      V043293x    Household income
class       V043298     Subjective social class
ethnic      V043299 &   Race/ethnicity of Respondent
            V043304x &
            V043305  

Post-election Survey:  

intgenpo    V044103     Post-election survey: Interviewer gender
intracpo    V044105     Post-election survey: Interviewer race
voteda      V045017a    Did R vote (standard version)
votedb      V045017b    Did R vote (experimental version)
voted       V045017a &  Did R vote?
            V045017b
presvote    V045026     R's vote for President
housevt     V045032x    Vote for party House of Representatives
thermgb     V045043     Feeling Thermometer: George W. Bush
thermjk     V045044     Feeling Thermometer: John Kerry
thermrn     V045045     Feeling Thermometer: Ralph Nader
thermhis    V045056     Feeling Thermometer: Hispanics (Hispanic-Americans)
thermfun    V045057     Feeling Thermometer: Christian fundamentalists
thermcat    V045058     Feeling Thermometer: Catholics
thermfed    V045060     Feeling Thermometer: Federal government in Washington
thermjew    V045061     Feeling Thermometer: Jews
thermlib    V045062     Feeling Thermometer: Liberals
thermmid    V045063     Feeling Thermometer: middle class people
thermlab    V045064     Feeling Thermometer: Labor unions
thermpor    V045065     Feeling Thermometer: Poor people
thermmil    V045066     Feeling Thermometer: The military
thermbig    V045067     Feeling Thermometer: Big business
thermwel    V045068     Feeling Thermometer: People on welfare
thermcsv    V045069     Feeling Thermometer: Conservatives
thermwor    V045070     Feeling Thermometer: working class people
thermold    V045071     Feeling Thermometer: Older people (the elderly)
thermenv    V045072     Feeling Thermometer: environmentalists
thermsc     V045073     Feeling Thermometer: U.S. Supreme Court
thermgay    V045074     Feeling Thermometer: Gay men and lesbians
thermasi    V045075     Feeling Thermometer: Asian Americans
thermcng    V045076     Feeling Thermometer: Congress
thermblk    V045077     Feeling Thermometer: Blacks
thermsou    V045078     Feeling Thermometer: Southerners
thermmen    V045079     Feeling Thermometer: men
thermyou    V045080     Feeling Thermometer: young people
thermimm    V045081     Feeling Thermometer: illegal immigrants
thermrch    V045082     Feeling Thermometer: rich people
thermwom    V045083     Feeling Thermometer: women
thermbus    V045084     Feeling Thermometer: business people
thermchr    V045085     Feeling Thermometer: the Catholic Church
thermwht    V045086     Feeling Thermometer: Whites
thermisr    V045087     Feeling Thermometer: Israel
thermmus    V045088     Feeling Thermometer: Muslims
immigrat    V045115     Should immigration be increased, decreased, stay same
immjobs     V045116     Effect of immigration: take jobs away
abortion    V045132     Abortion position: self-placement
vouchers    V045144     Does R favor/oppose school vouchers
limgovt     V045151     Limit Government: need strong govt for complex probs
gaylaws     V045156a    Should laws protect homosexuals against job discrimination?
gaymil      V045157a    Should homosexuals serve in U.S. armed forces?
gayadopt    V045158     Should homosexual couples be allowed to adopt
workmom     V045205     Working mother can have warm relationship with kids
prefs       V045207a    R for or against preference for blacks in jobs
equal1      V045212     Should do what is necessary for equal opportunity
equal2      V045213     Have gone too far pushing equal rights
equal3      V045214     Big problem is not giving everyone equal chance
equal4      V045215     Better off if worried less about equality
equal5      V045216     Not that big a problem if people have unequal chance
equal6      V045217     Many fewer problems if people treated equally  

=============================================================================

case        V040001     Case ID

=============================================================================

weight      V040102     Sample weight  

This variable is used to correct for known or estimated sampling biases, including those resulting from inability to re-interview some respondents in the post-election survey.  

=============================================================================

children    V041103     Number of children in household  

0. No child in HH
1. 1 child in HH
2. 2 children in HH
3. 3 children in HH
4. 4 children in HH
5. 5 children in HH
6. 6 children in HH
7. Seven children in HH  

NOTES:------

Household members under age 18 (including 17-year-olds not turning 18 by election day) are counted as children  

=============================================================================

gender      V041109a    Respondent gender  

1. Male
2. Female  

=============================================================================

state       V041202     State code  

01. Alabama
02. Alaska
04. Arizona
05. Arkansas
06. California
08. Colorado
09. Connecticut
10. Delaware
11. Washington DC
12. Florida
13. Georgia
15. Hawaii
16. Idaho
17. Illinois
18. Indiana
19. Iowa
20. Kansas
21. Kentucky
22. Louisiana
23. Maine
24. Maryland
25. Massachusetts
26. Michigan
27. Minnesota
28. Mississippi
29. Missouri
30. Montana
31. Nebraska
32. Nevada
33. New Hampshire
34. New Jersey
35. New Mexico
36. New York
37. North Carolina
38. North Dakota
39. Ohio
40. Oklahoma
41. Oregon
42. Pennsylvania
44. Rhode Island
45. South Carolina
46. South Dakota
47. Tennessee
48. Texas
49. Utah
50. Vermont
51. Virginia
53. Washington
54. West Virginia
55. Wisconsin
56. Wyoming  

=============================================================================

region      V041205     Census region  

1. Northeast (CT,ME,MA,NH,NJ,NY,PA,RI,VT)
2. Midwest (IL,IN,IA,KS,MI,MN,MO,NE,ND,OH,SD,WI)
3. South (AL,AR,DE,DC,FL,GA,KY,LA,MD,MS,NC,OK,SC,TN,TX,VA,WV)
4. West (AK,AZ,CA,CO,HI,ID,MT,NM,NV,OR,UT,WA,WY)  

=============================================================================

intgenpr    V042103     Pre-election survey: Interviewer gender  

1. Male
5. Female
0. NA  

=============================================================================

intracpr    V042105     Pre-election survey: Interviewer race     

1. White
2. Non-White  

=============================================================================

“Feeling Thermometers”:  I'd like to get your feelings toward some of our political leaders and other people who are in the news these days.  I'll read the name of a person and I'd like you to rate that person using something we call the feeling thermometer.  Ratings between 50 degrees and 100 degrees mean that you feel favorable and warm toward the person.  Ratings between 0 degrees and 50 degrees mean that you don't feel favorable toward the person and that you don't care too much for that person.  You would rate the person at the 50 degree mark if you don't feel particularly warm or cold toward the person. If we come to a person whose name you don't recognize, you don't need to rate that person.  Just tell me and we'll move on to the next one... . How would you rate:  

0-100

777. Don't recognize
888. Don't know where to rate
889. Refused  

=============================================================================

thermdem    V043049     Feeling Thermometer: the Democratic party  

=============================================================================

thermgop    V043050     Feeling Thermometer: the Republican party

=============================================================================

ideology    V043085     Liberal/conservative self-placement - 7-point scale  

We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and conservatives.  Here is a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal to extremely conservative.  Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or haven't you thought much about this?  

01. Extremely liberal
02. Liberal
03. Slightly liberal
04. Moderate; middle lf the road
05. Slightly conservative
06. Conservative
07. Extremely conservative
80. Haven't thought much
88. Don't know
89. Refused  

=============================================================================

isolate     V043113     Country would be better off if we just stayed home  

Do you AGREE or DISAGREE with this statement: This country would be better off if we just stayed home and did not concern ourselves with problems in other parts of the world.  

1. Agree
5. Disagree
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

partyid3    V043114     R party ID, 3-point scale  

Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a REPUBLICAN, a DEMOCRAT, an INDEPENDENT, or what?  

1. Republican
2. Independent
3. Democrat
4. Other party {SPECIFY}
5. No preference
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

partyid7    V043116     R party ID, 7-point scale  

Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a REPUBLICAN, a DEMOCRAT, an INDEPENDENT, or what?  Would you call yourself a STRONG [Democrat/Republican] or a NOT VERY STRONG [Democrat/Republican]?  Do you think of yourself as CLOSER to the Republican Party or to the Democratic party?  

0. Strong Democrat
1. Weak Democrat
2. Independent-Democrat
3. Independent-Independent
4. Independent-Republican
5. Weak Republican
6. Strong Republican
7. Other; minor party; refuses to say
8. Apolitical
9. DK  

Note: Code 8 (apolitical) was used if R was coded No preference and also showed little or no interest in politics in response to the following survey questions:

Interest in campaigns
Care about Congressional race outcome
Voted
Follow public affairs  

=============================================================================

afghan            V043131      Was Afghanistan war worth the cost?  

Taking everything into account, do you think the U.S. war against the Taliban government in Afghanistan was WORTH THE COST or NOT?  

1. Worth it
5. Not worth it
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

iraq        V043134      Was Iraq war worth the cost?  

Taking everything into account, do you think the war in Iraq has been WORTH THE COST or NOT?  

1. Worth it
5. Not worth it
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

spending    V043136      Spending and Services - 7-point scale self-placement  

Some people think the government should provide fewer services even in areas such as health and education in order to reduce spending. Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at point 1.  Other people feel it is important for the government to provide many more services even if it means an increase in spending.  Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.  And, of course, some other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6.  Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or haven't you thought much about this?  

01. Govt should provide many fewer services
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07. Govt should provide many more services

80. Haven't thought much about this
88. Don't know
89. Refused  

=============================================================================

defense     V043142     Defense spending - 7-point scale self-placement  

Some people believe that we should spend much less money for defense.  Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at point 1.  Others feel that defense spending should be greatly increased.  Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.  And, of course, some other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6.  Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or haven't you thought much about this?  

01. Govt should decrease defense spending
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07. Govt should increase defense spending

80. Haven't thought much about this
88. Don't know
89. Refused  

=============================================================================

taxcuts     V043149     Does R favor/oppose tax cuts Pres. Bush initiated  

As you may recall, President Bush signed a big tax cut a few years ago.  Did you FAVOR or OPPOSE the tax cut, or is this something you haven't thought about?  Did you [favor/oppose] the tax cut STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?  

1. Favored strongly
2. Favored not strongly
4. Opposed not strongly
5. Opposed strongly
7. Other/neither/depends
8. Don't know
9. Refused
0. Haven't thought about it
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

medinsur    V043150     Govt/private medical insurance scale: self-placement  

There is much concern about the rapid rise in medical and hospital costs.  Some people feel there should be a government insurance plan which would cover all medical and hospital expenses for everyone. Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at point 1.  Others feel that all medical expenses should be paid by individuals through private insurance plans like Blue Cross or other company paid plans. Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.

And, of course, some other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.  Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or haven't you thought much about this?  

01. Govt insurance plan
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07. Private insurance plan

80. Haven't thought much
88. Don't know
89. Refused  

=============================================================================

jobs  V043152      Job and Good Standard of Living -scale self-placement  

Some people feel the government in Washington should see to it that every person has a job and a good standard of living. Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at point 1. Others think the government should just let each person get ahead on their own. Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.  And, of course, some other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.  Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or haven't you thought much about this?  

01. Govt should see to jobs and standard of living
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07. Govt should let each person get ahead on own

80. Haven't thought much about this
88. Don't know
89. Refused    

=============================================================================

afamer      V043158     Government assistance to blacks-7 point scale self-placement  

Some people feel that the government in Washington should make every effort to improve the social and economic position of blacks.  (Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at point 1.)  Others feel that the government should not make any special effort to help blacks because they should help themselves.  (Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.)  And, of course, some other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.  Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or haven't you thought much about this?  

01. Govt should help blacks
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07. Blacks should help themselves

80. Haven't thought much about this
88. Don't know
89. Refused  

=============================================================================

Federal Spending: Next I am going to read you a list of federal programs. For each one, I would like you to tell me whether you would like to see spending INCREASED or DECREASED.  

1. Increased
3. Kept about the same
5. Decreased
7. Cut out entirely {VOL}
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

highways    V043164     Federal Budget Spending: building/repairing highways

=============================================================================

socsec      V043165     Federal Budget Spending: Social Security

=============================================================================

schools     V043166     Federal Budget Spending: public schools

=============================================================================

science     V043167     Federal Budget Spending: science and technology

=============================================================================

crime       V043168     Federal Budget Spending: dealing with crime

=============================================================================

welfare     V043169     Federal Budget Spending: welfare programs

=============================================================================

kidcare     V043170     Federal Budget Spending: child care

=============================================================================

foraid      V043171     Federal Budget Spending: foreign aid

=============================================================================

pooraid     V043172     Federal Budget Spending: aid to the poor

=============================================================================

borders     V043173     Fed Budget Spending: border sec to prevent illeg imm

=============================================================================

terror      V043174     Federal Budget Spending: war on terrorism

=============================================================================

richtax     V043176     Do rich pay right amount of taxes?  

What about rich people?  Do you feel rich people are asked to pay MORE THAN THEY SHOULD in federal income taxes, about the RIGHT AMOUNT, or LESS THAN THEY SHOULD?  

1. More than should pay
3. About right
5. Less than should pay
7. Don't pay at all {VOL}
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

poortax     V043177     Do poor pay right amount of taxes  

What about poor people? Do you feel poor people are asked to pay MORE THAN THEY SHOULD in federal income taxes, about the RIGHT AMOUNT, or LESS THAN THEY SHOULD?  

1. More than should pay
3. About right
5. Less than should pay
7. Don't pay at all {VOL}
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

payabort    V043179     P2b. Favor govt funds to pay for abortions  

Would you FAVOR or OPPOSE a law in your state that would allow the use of government funds to help pay for the costs of abortion for women who cannot afford them?  Do you [favor/oppose] government funding for abortions STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?  

1. Favor strongly
2. Favor not strongly
4. Oppose not strongly
5. Oppose strongly
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

partial     V043181     Favor/oppose ban on late-term/partial-birth abortions  

There has been discussion recently about a law to ban certain types of late-term abortions, sometimes called partial birth abortions.  Do you FAVOR or OPPOSE a law that makes these types of abortions illegal?  Do you STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY [favor/oppose] a law that makes these types of abortions illegal?  

1. Favor strongly
2. Favor not strongly
4. Oppose not strongly
5. Oppose strongly
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

envirjob    V043182     Environment vs. jobs tradeoff scale - self-placement  

Some people think it is important to protect the environment even if it costs some jobs or otherwise reduces our standard of living.  (Suppose these people are at one end of the scale, at point number 1)  Other people think that protecting the environment is not as important as maintaining jobs and our standard of living. (Suppose these people are at the other end of the scale, at point number 7.  And of course, some other people have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6).  Where would you place YOURSELF on this scale, or haven't you thought much about this?  

01. Protect environment, even if it costs jobs & standard of living
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07. Jobs & standard of living more important than environment

80. Haven't thought much about this
88. Don't know
89. Refused  

=============================================================================

cappun      V043187     R favor/oppose death penalty  

Do you FAVOR or OPPOSE the death penalty for persons convicted of murder?  Do you [favor/oppose] the death penalty for persons convicted of murder STRONGLY or NOT STRONGLY?  

1. Favor strongly
2. Favor not strongly
4. Oppose not strongly
5. Oppose strongly
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

gunbuy      V043189     Should fed govt make more difficult to buy gun - self  

Do you think the federal government should make it MORE DIFFICULT for people to buy a gun than it is now, make it EASIER for people to buy a gun, or keep these rules ABOUT THE SAME as they are now?  A LOT [more difficult/easier] or SOMEWHAT [more difficult/easier]?  

1. A lot more difficult
2. Somewhat more difficult
3. About the same
4. Somewhat easier
5. A lot easier
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

gunown      V043195     Does R have a gun in his or her home or garage?  

Do you happen to have in your home or garage any guns or revolvers?  

1. Yes
5. No
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

gaywed      V043210     R position on gay marriage  

Should same-sex couples be ALLOWED to marry, or do you think they should NOT BE ALLOWED to marry?  

1. Should be allowed
3. Should not be allowed to marry but should be allowed to legally form a civil union {VOL}
5. Should not be allowed
7. Other {VOL} {SPECIFY}
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

relguide    V043220     Religion provides some guidance in day-to-day living  

Would you say your religion provides SOME guidance in your day-to-day living, QUITE A BIT of guidance, or a GREAT DEAL of guidance in your day-to-day life?  

0. R says religion not important
1. Some
3. Quite a bit
5. A great deal
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

relserv     V043223 &    Attend religious services how often
            V043224 &
            V042225  

Lots of things come up that keep people from attending religious services even if they want to.  Thinking about your life these days, do you ever attend

religious services, apart from occasional weddings, baptisms or funerals? IF R ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES: Do you go to religious services EVERY WEEK, ALMOST EVERY WEEK, ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH, A FEW TIMES A YEAR, or NEVER?  IF R SAYS ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES 'EVERY WEEK': Would you say you go to religious services ONCE A WEEK or MORE OFTEN than once a week?  

1. More than once a week
2. Every week
3. Almost every week
4. Once or twice a month
5. A few times a year
6. Never
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

denom       V043247     Religious denomination 

IF R DOES NOT ATTEND RELIGIOUS SERVICES: Regardless of whether you now attend any religious services do you ever think of yourself as part of a particular church or denomination?  IF R DOES NOT ATTEND CHURCH BUT THINKS OF SELF AS PART OF CHURCH OR DENOMINATION: Do you consider yourself PROTESTANT, ROMAN CATHOLIC, JEWISH, or SOMETHING ELSE?  IF R ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES: Do you mostly attend a place of worship that is PROTESTANT, ROMAN CATHOLIC, JEWISH, or SOMETHING ELSE?  

1. Protestant
2. Catholic
3. Eastern Orthodox (Christian)
4. Jewish
6. Other
7. None
8. DK
9. RF
0. NA  

=============================================================================

age         V043250     Respondent age  

What is the month, day and year of your birth?  

17-90

98. DK
99. RF
00. NA  

NOTES:
------
Age was calculated by subtracting the year of birth from 2004.  For cases where R refused to give year of birth or year of birth was NA in the survey variable, a check was made of Household listing information: if age of R was included in the Household listing, it was included here.  

=============================================================================

marstat     V043251     Marital status  

Are you married now and living with your (husband/wife) -- or are you widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never married?  

1. Married
2. Widowed
3. Divorced
4. Separated
5. Never married
6. Partnered, not married {VOL}
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

educate     V043254     Respondent education level  

What is the highest grade of school or year of college you have completed?  Did you get a high school diploma or pass a high school equivalency test?  What is the highest degree that you have earned?  

0. NA/DK number of grades; no HS diploma
1. 8 grades or less and no diploma or equivalency
2. 9-11 grades, no further schooling (incl. 12 years without diploma or equivalency)
3. High school diploma or equivalency test
4. More than 12 years of schooling, no higher degree
5. Junior or community college level degrees (AA degrees)
6. BA level degrees; 17+ years, no advanced degree
7. Advanced degree, including LLB
8. DK
9. RF  

=============================================================================

union       V043290     Anyone in household belong to labor union?  

Do you or anyone else in this household belong to a labor union?  

1. Yes
5. No
8. Don't know
9. Refused  

=============================================================================

income      V043293x    Household income  

Please look at the booklet and tell me the letter of the income group that includes the income of all members of your family living here in 2003 before taxes.  This figure should include salaries, wages, pensions, dividends, interest, and all other income.  

01. None or less than $2,999
02. $3,000 -$4,999
03. $5,000 -$6,999
04. $7,000 -$8,999
05. $9,000 -$10,999
06. $11,000-$12,999
07. $13,000-$14,999
08. $15,000-$16,999
09. $17,000-$19,999
10. $20,000-$21,999
11. $22,000-$24,999
12. $25,000-$29,999
13. $30,000-$34,999
14. $35,000-$39,999
15. $40,000-$44,999
16. $45,000-$49,999
17. $50,000-$59,999
18. $60,000-$69,999
19. $70,000-$79,999
20. $80,000-$89,999
21. $90,000-$104,999
22. $105,000-$119,000
23. $120,000 and over
88. Don't know
89. Refused
00. NA  

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class       V043298     Subjective social class  

Most people say they belong either to the middle class or the working class.  Do you ever think of yourself as belonging in one of these classes?  [Which one?  / Well, if you had to make a choice, would you call yourself MIDDLE CLASS or WORKING CLASS?]  Would you say that you are about AVERAGE [middle/working] class or that you are in the UPPER PART of the [middle/working] class?  

00. Lower class {VOLUNTEERED}
01. Average working class
02. Working class -- NA if average or upper
03. Upper working class
04. Average middle class
05. Middle class -- NA if average or upper
06. Upper middle class
07. Upper class {VOLUNTEERED}
77. Other
88. Don't know if working or middle class
89. Refused; 'neither' or doesn't accept idea of class  

=============================================================================

ethnic      V043299 &   Race/ethnicity of Respondent
            V043304x &
            V043305  

10. Black
20. Asian
30. Native American
40. Hispanic
50. White
70. Multiracial/Other
88. Don't know
89. Refused  

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intgenpo    V044103     Post-election survey: Interviewer gender  

1. Male
5. Female  

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intracpo    V044105     Post-election survey: Interviewer race  

1. White
2. Nonwhite  

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voteda      V045017a    Did R vote (standard version)  

In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they weren't registered, they were sick, or they just didn't have time. How about you--did you vote in the elections this November?  

1. Yes, voted
5. No, didn't vote
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable   

R is randomly assigned to either “voteda” or “votedb.” Vote summary is found in “voted.”  

=============================================================================

votedb      V045017b    Did R vote (experimental version)  

In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they weren't registered, they were sick, or they just didn't have time. Which of the following statements best describes you:  

1. I did not vote (in the election this November)
2. I thought about voting this time, but didn't
3. I usually vote, but didn't this time
4. I am sure I voted
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable   

R is randomly assigned to either “voteda” or “votedb.” Vote summary is found in “voted.”  

=============================================================================

voted       V045017a &  Did R vote?
            V045017b  

1. Yes, voted
5. No, didn't vote
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable   

=============================================================================

presvote    V045026     R's vote for President  

1. John Kerry
3. George W. Bush
5. Ralph Nader
7. Other {SPECIFY}
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

housevt     V045032x    Vote for party House of Representatives  

Who did you vote for? /Who did you vote for? Which party was that?  

1. Democratic candidate
3. Republican candidate
5. Independent/third party candidate
7. Other candidate {SPECIFY}
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable

=============================================================================

“Feeling Thermometers”:  I'd like to get your feelings toward some of our political leaders and other people who are in the news these days.  I'll read the name of a person and I'd like you to rate that person using something we call the feeling thermometer.  Ratings between 50 degrees and 100 degrees mean that you feel favorable and warm toward the person.  Ratings between 0 degrees and 50 degrees mean that you don't feel favorable toward the person and that you don't care too much for that person.  You would rate the person at the 50 degree mark if you don't feel particularly warm or cold toward the person. If we come to a person whose name you don't recognize, you don't need to rate that person.  Just tell me and we'll move on to the next one.  

0-100

777. Don't recognize
888. Don't know where to rate
889. Refused  

=============================================================================

thermgb     V045043     Feeling Thermometer: GW Bush  

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thermjk     V045044     Feeling Thermometer: John Kerry  

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thermrn     V045045     Feeling Thermometer: Ralph Nader  

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Still using the thermometer, how would you rate the following groups:  

=============================================================================

thermhis    V045056     Feeling Thermometer: Hispanics (Hispanic-Americans)  

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thermfun    V045057     Feeling Thermometer: Christian fundamentalists  

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thermcat    V045058     Feeling Thermometer: Catholics  

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thermfed    V045060     Feeling Thermometer: Federal government in washington  

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thermjew    V045061     Feeling Thermometer: Jews  

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thermlib    V045062     Feeling Thermometer: Liberals  

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thermmid    V045063     Feeling Thermometer: Middle class people  

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thermlab    V045064     Feeling Thermometer: Labor unions  

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thermpor    V045065     Feeling Thermometer: Poor people  

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thermmil    V045066     Feeling Thermometer: The military  

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thermbig    V045067     Feeling Thermometer: Big business  

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thermwel    V045068     Feeling Thermometer: People on welfare  

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thermcsv    V045069     Feeling Thermometer: Conservatives  

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thermwor    V045070     Feeling Thermometer: Working class people  

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thermold    V045071     Feeling Thermometer: Older people (the elderly)  

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thermenv    V045072     Feeling Thermometer: Environmentalists  

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thermsc     V045073     Feeling Thermometer: U.S. Supreme Court  

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thermgay    V045074     Feeling Thermometer: Gay men and lesbians  

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thermasi    V045075     Feeling Thermometer: Asian Americans  

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thermcng    V045076     Feeling Thermometer: Congress  

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thermblk    V045077     Feeling Thermometer: Blacks  

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thermsou    V045078     Feeling Thermometer – Southerners  

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thermmen    V045079     Feeling Thermometer – Men  

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thermyou    V045080     Feeling Thermometer: Young people  

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thermimm    V045081     Feeling Thermometer: Illegal immigrants  

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thermrch    V045082     Feeling Thermometer: Rich people  

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thermwom    V045083     Feeling Thermometer: Women  

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thermbus    V045084     Feeling Thermometer: Business people  

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thermchr    V045085     Feeling Thermometer: The Catholic Church  

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thermwht    V045086     Feeling Thermometer: Whites  

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thermisr    V045087     Feeling Thermometer: Israel  

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thermmus    V045088     Feeling Thermometer: Muslims  

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immigrat    V045115     Should immigration be increased, decreased, stay same  

Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be INCREASED A LOT, INCREASED A LITTLE, LEFT THE SAME as it is now, DECREASED A LITTLE, or DECREASED A LOT?  

1. Increased a lot
2. Increased a little
3. Left the same as it is now
4. Decreased a little
5. Decreased a lot
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

immjobs     V045116     Effect of immigration: take jobs away  

Now I'd like to ask you about immigration in recent years.  How likely is it that recent immigration levels will take jobs away from people already here--  EXTREMELY likely, VERY likely, SOMEWHAT likely, or NOT AT ALL likely?  

1. Extremely likely
2. Very likely
3. Somewhat likely
4. Not at all likely
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

abortion    V045132     Abortion position: self-placement  

There has been some discussion about abortion during recent years.  Which one of the opinions on this page best agrees with your iew?   

1. By law, abortion should never be permitted.
2. The law should permit abortion only in case of rape, incest, or when the woman's life is in danger.
3. The law should permit abortion for reasons other than rape, incest, or danger to the woman's life, but only after the need for the abortion has been clearly established.
4. By law, a woman should always be able to obtain an abortion as a matter of personal choice.
7. Other {SPECIFY} {VOL}
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

vouchers    V045144     Does R favor/oppose school vouchers

Do you FAVOR or OPPOSE having the government give parents in low-income families money to help pay for their children to attend a private or religious school instead of their local public school?

1. Favor strongly
2. Favor not strongly
4. Oppose not strongly
5. Oppose strongly
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable

=============================================================================

limgovt     V045151     Limit Government: need strong govt for complex probs  

Next, I am going to ask you to choose which of two statements I read comes closer to your own opinion.  

You might agree to some extent with both, but we want to know which one is closer to your own views.ONE, we need a strong government to handle today's complex economic problems; OR TWO, the free market can handle these problems without government being involved.  

1. Need a strong gov't to handle complex economic problems
2. Free market can handle without gov't involvement
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

gaylaws     V045156a    Should laws protect homosexuals against job discrimination?  

1. Favor strongly
2. Favor not strongly
4. Oppose not strongly
5. Oppose strongly
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

gaymil      V045157a     Should homosexuals serve in U.S. armed forces?  

1. Feel homosexuals should be allowed - strongly
2. Feel homosexuals should be allowed - not strongly
4. Feel homosexuals should not be allowed - not strongly
5. Feel homosexuals should not be allowed - strongly
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable    

=============================================================================

gayadopt    V045158    Should homosexual couples be allowed to adopt  

1. Yes
5. No
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

workmom     V045205     Working mother can have warm relationship with kids  

Please tell me whether you AGREE or DISAGREE [that a] working mother can establish just as warm and secure a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work.  

1. Agree
3. Neither agree nor disagree
5. Disagree
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

prefs       V045207a     R for or against preference for blacks in jobs  

Some people say that because of past discrimination, blacks should be given preference in hiring and promotion.  Others say that such preference in hiring and promotion of blacks is wrong because it gives blacks advantages they haven't earned.  What about your opinion -- are you FOR or AGAINST preferential hiring and promotion of blacks?  

1. Favor strongly
2. Favor not strongly
4. Oppose not strongly
5. Oppose strongly
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================  

I am going to read several more statements. After each one, I would like you to tell me how strongly you agree or disagree.  

1. Agree strongly
2. Agree somewhat
3. Neither agree nor disagree
4. Disagree somewhat
5. Disagree strongly
8. Don't know
9. Refused
.  Not applicable  

=============================================================================

equal1      V045212     Should do what is necessary for equal opportunity  

=============================================================================

equal2      V045213     Have gone too far pushing equal rights  

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equal3      V045214     Big problem is not giving everyone equal chance  

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equal4      V045215     Better off if worried less about equality  

=============================================================================

equal5      V045216     Not that big a problem if people have unequal chance  

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equal6      V045217     Many fewer problems if people treated equally  

 


Last updated May 1, 2013 .
© 2003---2013  John L. Korey.  Licensed under a  Description: Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.