The Ogham Alphabet

with variant names of the letters,
and names of the associated plants

This table includes names common in modern references. Everson provides a much more complete list of variant names.


  OGHAM LETTERS TREES
  standard name Graves Pennick Thorsson Everson English name Scientific name
Beith Beith Beth Beth Beithe Beith birch Betula pendula
Luis Luis Luis Luis Luis Luis rowan Sorbus aucuparia
Fern Fern Fearn Fearn Fern Fern alder Alnus glutinosa
Sail Sail Saille Saille Sail Sail willow Salix alba
Nion Nion Nion Nion Nin Nuin ash Fraxinus excelsior
Uath Uath Uath Huath Huath hÚath hawthorn Crataegus spp.
Dair Dair Duir Duir Duir Dair oak Quercus robur
Tinne Tinne Tinne Tinne Tinne Tinne holly Ilex aquifolium
Coll Coll Coll Coll Coll Coll hazel Corylus avellana
Ceirt Ceirt Quert Quert Queirt Cert apple Malus sylvestris
Muin Muin Muin Muin Muin Muin vine Vitis vinifera
Gort Gort Gort Gort Gort Gort ivy Hedera helix
nGeadal nGéadal Ngetal Ngetal Ngetal nGétal reed Phragmites australis
Straif Straif Straif Straif Straiph Straif blackthorn Prunus spinosa
Ruis Ruis Ruis Ruis Ruis Ruis elder Sambucus nigra
Ailm Ailm Ailm Ailim Ailm Ailm white fir Abies alba
Onn Onn Onn Onn Onn Onn gorse Ulex europaeus
Ur Úr Ura Ur Ur Úr heather Calluna vulgaris
Eadhadh Eadhadh Eadha Eadha Edad Edad poplar Populus tremula
Iodhadh Iodhadh Idho Iodho Idad Idad yew Taxus baccata
eabhadh Éabhadh     Ebad Ébad    
Or Ór     Oir Ór    
Uilleann Uilleann     Uileand Uilen    
Ifin Ifín     Iphin Ifín    
Eamhancholl Eamhancholl     Phagos Emancholl    
Eite Eite       Saighead feather or arrow  
Spas Spás       Bearna space  


  • Graves, Robert. 1966. The White Goddess. 2nd, enlarged edition. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York.
  • Pennick, Nigel, and Nigel Jackson. 1991. The Celtic Oracle. Aquarian Press, London.

Return to introduction to the ogham

Space for this page is provided by California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. Although it is intended to further the educational mission of the University, the opinions expressed here are those of Curtis Clark, and do not represent official policy of the University.

1996-2001 by Curtis Clark
jcclark@csupomona.edu