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Sexual Health 101

Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social wellbeing in relation to sexuality. Maintaining and being aware of your sexual health is very important.  Knowing your body and what is normal for you should be a main concern.  A positive outlook on your own sexuality will help you to feel comfortable about your body and the care it needs.

Female Reproductive Anatomy

Female reproductive organs

Male Reproductive Anatomy

Male reproductive organs

Who Should be Tested for STDs?

Note: Your doctor may recommend additional STD tests based on your sexual history, signs, symptoms, etc.

Population

Recommendations 

Sexually active women 25 years or younger
  • Chlamydia testing every year 
Sexually active men or women, who are not in a long term, mutually monogamous relationship 
  • Hepatitis B vaccination
  • Annual HIV 
Sexually active men or women, who are not in a long term, mutually monogamous relationship 
  • Hepatitis B vaccination
  • Annual HIV testing
  • Chlamydia, as recommended by your health care provider
All men who have sex with men (MSM) 
  • Hepatitis A vaccination
  • Hepatitis B vaccination 
Sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM), who are not in a long term, mutually monogamous relationship 
  • Hepatitis A vaccination
  • Hepatitis B vaccination

At least once every year:

  • HIV
  • Syphilis
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea 
 Pregnant women
  • Chlamydia, at first prenatal visit
  • Syphilis, at first prenatal visit
  • HIV, as early as possible in the pregnancy
  • Hepatitis B, during an early prenatal visit
  • Hepatitis C, as recommended by your health care provider
  • Gonorrhea, as recommended by your health care provider
Any person seeking STD evaluation or treatments
  • Testing for HIV
  • Hepatitis B vaccination
  • Testing for Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, as recommended by your health care provider