Central America was once home to large rainforests but today large
areas have been cleared for cattle ranching and for sugar cane plantations.
Costa Rica was the first Central American nation to cultivate coffee
and bananas. The Meseta Central of Costa Rica is one of the richest
fertile lands used for cultivating coffee. Ranching is one of the
biggest industries here and most of the beef consumed in North America
originates from here. Costa Rica's climate is mild in the central
highlands, tropical and subtropical in coastal areas. 65% of Central
America is used for grazing cattle and over 2,000 ranching families
own more than 50% of the productive land.
“The industry breakdown is as followed: a. Industry: food
processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer,
petroleum refining b. Agriculture: bananas, coffee, beef, sugarcane,
rice, vegetables, ornamental plants and fruits c. Commerce and tourism:
hotels, restaurants, stores, tourist services d. Major exports:
($2.1 billion) bananas, coffee, beef, textiles and clothing, sugar,
fruits, flowers and ornamental plants e. Major Imports: ($2.9 billion)
manufactured goods, machinery, transportation equipment, chemicals,
fuel, foodstuffs, fertilizer.”
Central America: Maya Biosphere Reserve www.cet.edu/earthinfo/camerica/maya/MBtopic2.html
Where are the Rainforests?
Africa African RainforestFrom Steve Nix,
Your Guide to Forestry. http://forestry.about.com/cs/rainforest/i/african_rforest.htm
Deforestation of African Rainforests Josh Branson http://www.ccds.charlotte.nc.us/History/Africa/03/bransom/branson.html
The Africa rainforests located from Senegal to the eastern part
of Somalia. About 80% of the forests in Africa are mainly in the
central region, especially in Zaire. The Congo River Basin, houses
a tropical rainforest area that is the second largest in the world.
Just like every rainforest, the raw goods the African rainforest
provides is plentiful. In Dominca, the banana trees are widely used.
Rainforest clearance is also prevalent because the need for timber
and fuel is so great.
Australia has 2.3 million hectares of rainforest, 5.6% of the total
native forest estate.(ABARE 1995). Rainforests in Australia are
mainly found in Northern Queensland (tropical), and Western Tasmania
(temperate), but there are also pockets of rainforest along the
Great Dividing Range.
Because Australia is essentially a desert continent, it has very
little rainforest. So it’s rainforest has mostly been a source
for trees. Australian timber importers have adopted a policy of
importing only from suppliers using the best logging methods.(Australian
Timber Importers Federation 1992).
Australia's imports of rainforest timber decreased from 132,400
m3 in 1991-92 to 86,500m3 in 1997-98.(ABARE 1998). This reflects
the decreasing availability of timber exports from countries such
as Malaysia and Indonesia. Rainforest timber is used to make doors,
mouldings, panels, window frames, furniture and decking.
The Amazon jungle is the world's largest tropical rainforest and
home to the longest river in the Nile. Because of it’s vast
size and most unique climate, this rainforest is home to
about 1/5 of all the world's plants and birds and about 1/10 of
all mammal species. The fertile land areas in the Amazon have become
plantations. These plantations produce crops as bananas, pineapples,
sugarcane and rice. The plantations are owned by huge billion dollar
companies. The Amazon region is also famous for its soy production,
known to be one of the largest producers. Livestock grazing and
logging are also prevalent in this area.
Dr. Michael J. Balick
Vasco von Roomsmalen
Journey into Amazonia- http://www.pbs.org/journeyintoamazonia/
"[Biome - Living Worlds] :: Rainforest :: Plants", http://library.thinkquest.org/C0113340/text/biomes/biomes.rainforest.plants.html,
"[Biome - Living Worlds] :: Rainforest", http://library.thinkquest.org/C0113340/text/biomes/biomes.rainforest.animals.html,
Southeast Asia is a 3,100 mile long chain of about 20,000 islands
strung between Asia and Australia. The area is as vast as it is
diverse. The area is about 1,112,000 square miles, almost twice
the size of Alaska. The average daily temperature varies from 70°F
to 90°F with extremely high humidity.
Indonesia is one of the countries in Southeast Asia that is experiencing
loss of its rainforests. Indonesia consists of about 13,667 islands.
In addition to the rainforests, Indonesia possesses savannah grasslands,
snow-capped peaks, mangrove swamps, turquoise seas, and coral reefs.
All which are being threatened into extinction. Much of this is
due to mining, oil exploration and deforestation by both legal and
illegal logging. The land is being used for agriculture, such as
oil palm plantations that produce vegetable oil for export.(Passport
to Knowledge)Vietnam, Lao PDR, and Cambodia are also countries in
Southeast Asia in danger of losing its rainforests. “The Mekong
River, which starts in China, tracks through evergreen forest in
Laos and reaches the sea in Vietnam where the delta has been largely
developed for agriculture. In Cambodia the river is linked to a
huge lake - the Tonle Sap - which, together with surrounding swamp
forests, acts as a natural sponge to control floods during rainy